The veiled chameleon otherwise known as the 'Yemen chameleon' is a brightly coloured lizard with the ability to change colour. The veiled chameleon is one of the larger of the chameleon species with males reaching up to 60 centimetres and females a maximum of 40 centimetres.
Veiled chameleons have eyes that can rotate 180o and swivel independent of each other meaning they are able to look in any direction and never move their head. Veiled chameleons, like all reptiles rely on the external environmental temperatures to regulate their own body temperature. As one of the more reserved members of the animal kingdom, their best defence is to blend in with their surroundings.
Their natural habitat includes trees, bushes and shrubs and they are most commonly found in the dry plateaus, higher deserts, in high altitudes of the mountainous regions and inland river valleys. Veiled chameleons are widely spread throughout western Yemen and the southwestern coastal region of Saudi Arabia.
Veiled chameleons are omnivorous, meaning they eat both plans and animals. Insects and worms are their preferred diet but they will eat flowers and leaves if required.
The female veiled chameleon changes colour to let the male know she is ready for mating. She will change colour again 18 hours after the mating if it was successful. About a month later she will lay a clutch of between 30-85 white, oval shaped, hard shelled eggs which she will bury in sand. These eggs will incubate between 150-190 days before they hatch. The higher the temperatures, the quicker the eggs will hatch.